A woman with ovarian cysts may or may not have ovarian cyst symptoms. Although a ruptured ovarian cyst can be very painful, it’s typical to have no pain from ovarian cyst. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs similar to a blister. They are very common in women of childbearing age and usually go away without any intervention.
Ovarian cyst symptoms include a dull ache or a sense of fullness in the abdomen and pain during intercourse. Delayed, irregular, or unusually painful periods can also be symptoms of ovarian cyst. However, the presence of any of these symptoms does not definitely mean that you have a cyst.
Because ovarian cysts many times don’t cause any symptoms, it is important for women who have had past cysts to have annual Pap smears and pelvic exams. Women who have previously had ovarian cysts are at a greater risk of developing cysts again.
The majority of ovarian cysts are found not because of symptoms but because their presence is revealed by Pap smears.
Here are more symptoms of an ovarian cyst:
- pressure, swelling, or pain in the abdomen
- pelvic pain shortly before your period begins or just before it ends
- dull ache in the lower back and thighs
- difficulty emptying bladder completely
- pain during your period
- abnormal bleeding
- pain during bowel movements or pressure on your bowels
- nausea, vomiting or breast tenderness similar to that experienced during pregnancy
If you have any of the following symptoms, get help right away:
- pain with fever and vomiting
- sudden, severe abdominal or pelvic pain
- faintness, dizziness, or weakness
- rapid breathing
Ovarian cysts and infertility don’t usually go hand in hand. Specifically, ovarian cysts are not a typical cause of infertility and are usually not symptomatic. Cysts on a woman’s ovaries (called follicles) are a normal monthly occurrence. When these follicles mature and rupture, the egg is released. The corpus luteum forms from the empty follicle and if pregnancy doesn’t occur the follicle dissolves.
One of the most common types of ovarian cyst is called a corpus luteum cyst, which forms when the follicle does not dissolve during ovulation but instead grows into a cyst.
The problem arises when these cysts don’t resolve on their own. A ruptured ovarian cyst can be extremely painful and potentially dangerous. If you have ovarian cyst symptoms, especially if you have pain from ovarian cyst, it’s a good idea to be checked out by a physician, who may want to monitor your symptoms and possibly perform an ultrasound.